n. a company that will only hire union members of their choice or in agreement with unions, whereas the Labour Management Act prohibits closed business practices. A “union shop” is a company in which the majority of workers voted to designate a union as their certified bargaining partner. A store closed before entry (or a simple closed store) is a form of union security agreement under which the employer undertakes to recruit only union members and workers must remain members of the union at all times to remain employed. This is different from a closed company after entry (Us: Union Shop) which is an agreement that requires all workers to join the union if they are not already members.  In a union activity, the union must accept as a member any person hired by the employer.  In some cases, unions have a monopoly on a particular industry and in that sector. If that is the case, all businesses in an area must hire union workers, and they call it a “closed business.” Also known as pre-open store contracts, store contracts are entered into to protect union workers. Under this type of agreement, a particular company may require all of its employees to be part of a particular union or union. The U.S.
government does not authorize the union shop in any federal authority, whether state law permits it or not. Dunn and Gennard found 111 British redundancies when a closed store was introduced, 325 people were involved,:125, and they stated: “While supporters of the closed store can argue that it is estimated that at least 325 layoffs are a relatively small number of closed shops compared to the total population, critics would consider this figure to be substantial, arguing that dismissal is too much.” :126 With regard to the store closed before entry, they stated: “Its raison d`être is to exclude people from jobs by denying them union membership.” 132 Given that there are many safeguards for both employers and workers, it is very difficult to enforce store contracts on both sides of the agreement. Among the rights of workers legalized by the NRL was the right to enter into a “store agreement.”